Scientists have not yet determined the exact cause of eczema, but it appears that a combination of genetic and environmental factors are involved. It is clear, however, that eczema is not contagious, so it’s not possible to catch it from another person.
One of the most powerful steps you can take to manage your eczema is to identify your triggers and take care to avoid them whenever possible. Everyone has a unique experience with eczema, but some common triggers include:
- Harsh soaps, shampoos, detergents, or disinfectants
- Very hot or cold weather, high or low humidity
- Hormonal fluctuations in females, especially during pregnancy or menstruation
- Dust mites, pet dander, mold, dandruff, or pollen
- Certain foods like dairy, nuts, seeds, soy, wheat, or eggs
- Certain bacteria, viruses, and fungi
Learning to recognize the things that cause your eczema to flare up takes time and patience, but can help you manage your condition.